home remedies for migraines

Migraines are headaches of varying intensity that are frequently accompanied by nausea and light and sound sensitivity. When you have a migraine, you’ll try virtually everything to get rid of it. Migraines can run in families, according to the Migraine Research Foundation, and can affect both children and adults. Before we look at some home remedies for migraines, let’s take a deep dive into some common symptoms associated with migraines;

symptoms of migraines

As explained, migraines are characterized by nausea and sensitivity to light. Well, there are other symptoms that also cause this predicament. The primary symptom of a migraine is a headache. These headaches can be in the form of throbbing or pounding. Some people with migraines feel pain around their temples or eyes, and sometimes in their sinuses, faces, jaw, and neck.

Check out other symptoms of migraines below;

  • Sensitivity to noise and odors.
  • Upset stomach and abdominal pain.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Feeling very cold (chills) or warm (sweating)
  • Blurred vision and Dizziness.
  • Pale skin color (pallor).
  • Feeling tired.
  • Tender scalp.
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever

NB: Diarrhea and fever are rare in most cases. Migraines typically last four hours, although severe migraines might continue much longer. The symptoms of a migraine attack can vary depending on whatever phase it is in.

Prodromal symptoms of migraines

  • Problems concentrating.
  • depression or Irritability.
  • Difficulty reading and speaking.
  • Difficulty Yawing and sleeping
  • Nausea.
  • Sensitivity to light and sound.
  • Fatigue.
  • Food cravings.
  • Increased urination.
  • Muscle stiffness.

What triggers migraines?

Migraine attacks can be brought on by a number of things. The following factors trigger migraines;

  • Emotional stress

One of the most prevalent migraine headache triggers is emotional stress. Certain chemicals in the brain are released during stressful situations to help the body cope (known as the “flight or fight” response). A migraine can be triggered by the release of these substances. Anxiety, stress, and excitement, for example, can raise muscular tension and widen blood vessels. Your migraine may get more intense as a result of this.

  • Delaying Missing a meal

Delaying a meal might also trigger your migraine headache.

  • Sensitivity to specific chemicals and foods

Food additives like nitrates (found in pepperoni, hot dogs, and luncheon meats) and fermented or pickled foods, as well as aged cheese, alcoholic beverages, chocolate, and food additives like nitrates (found in pepperoni, hot dogs, and luncheon meats) and fermented or pickled foods, may be responsible for up to 30% of migraines.

  • Caffeine

Migraine may occur when the caffeine level drops rapidly after drinking too much or weaning from caffeine.. Caffeine appears to sensitize your blood vessels, and if you don’t get it, you may have a headache. Caffeine is sometimes prescribed by doctors to help with acute migraine attacks, but it should not be used on a regular basis.

  • Daily use of pain-relieving medications

If you take pain relievers for headaches too frequently, you may experience a rebound headache.

  • Hormonal changes in women

Migraines are more prevalent in women during their menstrual periods. Migraines might be triggered by the sudden drop in estrogen that occurs during menstruation. Birth control medications and hormone replacement therapy can also cause hormonal changes. Because these estrogen variations do not occur in young girls or post-menopausal women, migraines are often worse between puberty and menopause. If your migraines are caused primarily by hormones, you may experience fewer headaches after menopause. In men, hormonal changes do not appear to be the cause of migraines.

  • Light

You can be triggered by flashing lights, fluorescent lights, light from the TV or computer, and sunlight.

Other possible triggers of migraine include:

  • Changing weather conditions such as strong winds, storm fronts, barometric pressure changes, or changes in altitude.
  • Being overly tired. Overexertion.
  • Exposure to perfumes, smoke, or other odors.
  • Dieting, or not drinking enough water.
  • Changes in your normal sleep pattern.
  • Loud noises.
  • Certain medications cause blood vessels to swell.

Some home remedies for migraines

Here are some 10 home remedies for migraines that people may want to try:

1. Ginger

home remedies for migraines Ginger
Image of Ginger

Ginger has long been used to treat nausea induced by a variety of ailments, including migraines. It could also help with migraines in other ways. According to research, Ginger powder reduces migraine severity and duration as effectively as the prescription medicine sumatriptan, but with fewer side effects. (Trusted Source)

A total of 100 participants took part in the study, which compared the effectiveness of ginger powder to sumatriptan, a typical migraine medication. The researchers discovered that ginger was statistically comparable to sumatriptan in terms of effectiveness and that users were as eager to continue with either medication.

One clear benefit for people with migraine is that ginger is safe to use and has no negative side effects unless you have an allergy to it.

2. Diet changes

Diet plays a vital role in migraine prevention. Many people who suffer from migraines notice certain foods can trigger them.

Common food triggers for migraines include:

  • processed foods
  • red wine
  • chocolate
  • alcohol
  • Blue cheese, feta, cheddar, Parmesan, and Swiss
  • chocolate
  • pickled foods
  • dried fruits
  • caffeinated beverages
  • Hot dogs, deli meats, bacon, and sausage
  • foods that contain monosodium glutamate (MSG)
  • Ice cream or iced drinks
  • beans
  • cultured dairy products such as yogurt, buttermilk, sour cream, etc.

Some people may find that a small amount of caffeine relieves migraine pain. Some migraine treatments contain caffeine as well. Caffeine, on the other hand, can trigger a migraine if consumed in excess. Caffeine withdrawal headaches are also a possibility. It’s crucial to be aware of what can be causing your migraine. Some people keep note of their probable triggers by keeping a food diary or a migraine journal. Changing your diet or eating habits to minimize migraine triggers may help you avoid them in the future.

Keep a daily food journal to figure out which foods and beverages cause your migraines. Keep track of what you eat and how you feel afterward.

3. Add magnesium to your diet

Headaches and migraines are connected to magnesium insufficiency. Magnesium oxide supplementation has been proven to help prevent migraines with aura. It may also help to prevent headaches caused by menstruation.

these foods are rich in magnesium:

  • Sunflower seeds
  • almonds
  • Brazil nuts
  • sesame seeds
  • Peanut butter
  • cashews
  • oatmeal
  • Milk
  • eggs

4. Stress management

A person dealing with stress

One common trigger for migraines is stress. Stress can also create a cycle that can trigger another migraine. Finding ways to relieve stress, such as journaling, exercise, or meditation, may help you avoid migraines in the future. Individuals might also enroll in a stress management course. They may also choose to relax by taking a warm bath or listening to music in order to ease tension. A person chooses to take control of their body’s reaction to stress in their life by taking these positive behaviors.

5. Avoid hot dogs

home remedies for migraines
Image may be subject to copyright

Diet has a critical part in migraine prevention. Many foods and beverages have been linked to migraines, including:

  • foods with nitrates including deli meats, bacon, hot dogs, and sausage
  • chocolate
  • cheese that contains the naturally-occurring compound tyramine, such as cheda, swiss, blue, feta, cheddar, and Parmesan.
  • alcohol, especially red wine
  • foods that contain monosodium glutamate (MSG), a flavor enhancer
  • foods that are very cold such as ice drinks or iced cream
  • processed foods
  • beans
  • pickled foods
  • dried fruits
  • cultured dairy products such as sour cream, buttermilk, and yogurt

6. Massage

Massaging the muscles in the shoulders can help to relieve tension, alleviate migraine pain, and also reduce stress.

People can get a massage from a professional therapist. A tennis ball can also be used to give a self-massage along the shoulders and back, which is a more cost-effective approach.

According to a 2006 study, a weekly massage can reduce migraine frequency and enhance sleep quality. Massage appears to increase stress perception and coping skills, according to the study. It also lowers blood pressure, anxiety, and cortisol levels. (Trusted Source)

7. Stay hydrated

A common migraine and headache trigger is not drinking enough water, and even moderate dehydration can cause a headache. To avoid dehydration, people might aim to drink more water each day. To replace missing electrolytes, people with severe dehydration may need an oral rehydration solution at first.

Staying hydrated can be as simple as drinking 6 to 8 glasses of water a day and eating a healthy diet.

8. Drink Water

home remedies for migraines
A person drinking water

You can get a headache if you don’t drink enough water. Chronic dehydration is a common cause of tension headaches and migraines, according to research.
Drinking water, thankfully, has been shown to ease headache symptoms in most dehydrated people within 30 minutes to three hours (Trusted Source).
Furthermore, dehydration can impair attention and induce irritation, exacerbating your symptoms. Focus on drinking enough water throughout the day and eating water-rich meals to avoid dehydration headaches.

9. Get Adequate Sleep

home remedies for migraines | Get adequate sleep
Image may be subject to copyright

Sleep deprivation can harm your health in a variety of ways, including causing headaches in some people.

One study compared the frequency and intensity of headaches in people who slept less than six hours each night to those who slept more. It was discovered that people who slept less had more frequent and severe headaches (Trusted Source).

Obtaining too much sleep, on the other hand, has been proved to cause headaches, so getting the appropriate amount of rest is crucial for people seeking natural headache relief  Aim for the “sweet spot” of seven to nine hours of sleep per night for optimal effects (Trusted Source).

10. Avoid Foods High in Histamine

home remedies for migraines | Avoid Foods High in Histamine

Histamine is a naturally occurring molecule that plays a role in the immunological, digestive, and nervous systems (Trusted Source). It’s also found in aged cheeses, fermented meals, beer, wine, smoked salmon, and cured meats, among other things. Consumption of histamine has been linked to migraines in people who are susceptible to it, according to research.

Some people can’t excrete histamine adequately because the enzymes that break it down aren’t working properly in their bodies (Trusted Source).

People who suffer from frequent headaches may find that eliminating histamine-rich items from their diet is a good option (Trusted Source).

11. Herbal supplements

Butterbur and feverfew are two herbal remedies that may improve migraine pain and frequency reduction. According to the American Migraine Foundation, a daily dose of 150 milligrams (mg) of butterbur was successful in reducing migraine frequency when taken for roughly 3 months.

Butterbur, according to the foundation, is less effective than butterbur. Feverfew, on the other hand, maybe beneficial to some persons. There are some hazards associated with using these herbs, which can be severe in rare situations, so anyone interested in trying them should consult their doctor first.

12. Vitamin B-complex

Vitamin B Complex may help to reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines. Neurotransmitters in the brain are regulated by B vitamins.

These vitamins are water-soluble, which means they are eliminated in the urine rather than being kept in the body. B vitamins are swiftly excreted by the body, so taking too much is rare. However, before beginning to take a daily B-complex vitamin, you should consult with your doctor.

Trials are being conducted to determine the effectiveness of B vitamins in reducing occupational stress. (Trusted Source)

Alternative migraine management methods

  • Resting in a dark, cool, quiet room.
  • Applying a cold compress or behind your neck or washcloth to your forehead. (Some people prefer heat.)
  • Massaging your scalp.
  • Apply pressure to your temples
  • Meditating
  • Keep yourself in a calm state.


Knowing the symptoms of migraines might be difficult to deal with if you suffer from them. You may miss work or be unable to engage in activities that you enjoy. Try the solutions listed above to get some relief.

It may also be beneficial to speak with people who are going through similar experiences. Migraine Healthline, our free app, connects you with actual migraine sufferers. Inquire about your treatment and seek advice from those who have gone through it.


Migraine headaches have no cure, but by following these recommendations, you can take an active role in managing them, possibly reducing how often you experience them and possibly limiting how severe they are:

  • Keep a migraine diary

Take notes about any foods and other triggers that you think may have caused you to develop a migraine. Make changes in your diet and avoid those triggers as much as possible.

  • Take medications as directed by your healthcare provider.

Preventative medications include anti-seizure medications, antidepressants, calcitonin gene-related peptides, medicines that lower blood pressure, and Botox injections. You might be prescribed timolol, divalproex sodium, amitriptyline, and topiramate. Notice that some of the same medications that can help you manage a migraine may also help prevent one.

  • Talk to your healthcare provider about hormone therapy if your migraines are thought to be linked to your menstrual cycle.
  • Consider trying a transcutaneous supraorbital nerve stimulation device.

The Food and Drug Administration has approved this battery-powered electrical stimulator device to prevent migraines. Electrical charges are emitted by the gadget, which is worn as a headband or on your arm. The charge activates a nerve that conveys some of the discomforts that migraine sufferers experience. (Your health insurance may not cover the gadget.)

  • Counseling from a professional can assist you in managing your stress. Request a recommendation from your healthcare provider.

Trusted Sources:

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