home remedies for kidney stones

Kidney-Stones
Credit: Harvard Health

Also known as nephrolithiasis, Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals that build up in the kidneys, and form crystals. They can be very painful when passing through the urinary tract, but usually don’t cause permanent damage. However, there are several ways to manage kidney stone development at home. Before we dive into some home remedies for kidney stones, let’s take a look at some causes;

Apart from dehydration, factors that may increase the risk of kidney stones include:

  • diabetes
  • obesity
  • high blood pressure
  • Family history of Kidney Stones
  • being aged 45 years or older
  • sex, (Mostly common in males than females)
  • recent surgery on the digestive system
  • a sedentary lifestyle
  • pregnancy
  • Underlying health conditions that affect how calcium absorption in the body takes place, such as chronic diarrhea and inflammatory bowel disease.

Some home remedies for kidney stones

Stay Hydrated

Drinking Plenty Fluids/liquids plays a vital role in Kidney Stones prevention. This method is one of the most recommended home remedies for Passing Kidney stones and also prevents new Stones from forming. keeping the body hydrated increases the volume of stone-forming substances when passing urine, making them less likely to crystallize. (Trusted Source 1). Health Professionals also recommend Paying attention to the color of your urine. Dark Yellow Urine is a sign of Dehydration.

However, not all liquids exert this effect equally. For example, a high intake of water, orange juice, tea, wine, and beer is linked to a lower risk of kidney stone formation. (Trusted Source 2)

On the other hand, Consuming fluids as Soda may contribute to a high risk of Kidney Stones formation. (Trusted Source 3) Doctors and health professionals recommend drinking 8-ounce glasses of water immediately after any flavored remedy. Drinking-Water alone may be enough to do the trick, compounding certain ingredients can be very beneficial.

Soft drinks that contain fructose (Sugar-sweetened drinks) are known to increase calcium excretion of calcium, uric acid, and oxalates. These are important factors for kidney stone risk.

Some studies have also linked a high intake of artificially sweetened colas and sugar-sweetened to an increased risk of kidney stones because they contain phosphoric acid contents. (Trusted Source 4)

These liquids below are easy to go/DYI home remedies for kidney stones;

a) Water

When it comes to home remedies for kidney stones, drinking water is the most contrivance. As stated in the early paragraph dehydration is one of the most causes of kidney stones. When passing a stone, increase your water intake to help speed up the process. You can take 12 glasses of water per day instead of the usual 8.

Regular intake of water reduces the risk of stones from forming again. It also prolongs the time it takes for stones to come back. This evidence is scientifically proven and there are no unwanted effects.

Research conducted in October 2019 included by chance whether people who were asked to drink more water, produced at least 2 liters of urine. The findings in that study prove people who consumed more water had no sign of kidney stones.

Another study was conducted on 220 people who had calcium-containing stones in the past but were stone-free when they started the study. The average age was approximately 41 years, and two-thirds of participants were men. (Trusted Source 5)

b) Lemon juice

Squeeze and add fresh lemons to your water as often as you like. Lemons contain citrate, which is a chemical that prevents the forming of calcium stones. Citrate can also break up small stones, allowing them to pass more easily.

Adding a reasonable amount of lemon juice to water would be needed to make a huge effect, but some can help a little. Lemon juice has other enormous health benefits. For example, it helps inhibit bacteria growth and provides vitamin C.

c) Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid. Acetic acid is fused with antibacterial and antifungal properties that help dissolve kidney stones. Regular intake of apple cider vinegar also helps ease pain caused by the stones.

Apple Cider Vinegar is said to alkalize blood and urine while increasing stomach acids. This helps prevent new stones from forming and also aids digestion.

Health professionals recommend, adding 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar to 6 to 8 ounces of purified water. Drink this mixture throughout the day. You can also use it on salads straight or add it to your favorite salad dressing.

According to research, the use of Apple Cider Vinegar in curbing kidney stones is anecdotal. Solid scientific studies examining the direct effect of Apple Cider Vinegar on kidney stones are lacking. However, ACV still shows potential in treating kidney stones. There are numerous other health benefits of apple cider vinegar.

Note: People with diabetes should exercise caution when drinking this mixture. Monitor your blood sugar levels carefully throughout the day.

You shouldn’t drink this mixture if you’re taking:

  • insulin
  • diuretics, such as spironolactone (Aldactone)
  • digoxin

d) Basil juice

Basil contains acetic acid. As stated in the previous paragraph, acetic acid is fused with antibacterial and antifungal properties which helps break down kidney stones and also relieve pain. It’s also full of nutrients. This remedy is traditionally used for digestive and inflammatory disorders.

Brasils contain anti-inflammatory agents and antioxidants that may help maintain kidney health.

Health Authorities advise we use fresh or dried basil leaves to make tea and drink several cups per day. You may also add it to a smoothie or juice fresh basil in a juicer.

Note: You shouldn’t use medicinal basil juice for more than 6 weeks at a time. Extended use may lead to:

  • low blood sugar
  • increased bleeding
  • low blood pressure

Very little research has been propounded on the effectiveness of Brasils for the treatment of Kidney Stones, but it does have anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties.

e) Celery juice

Celery juice is also one of the recommended remedies to kidney stone formation and has long been used in traditional medications. Reasonable intake of Celery Juice helps aids stone passing by flushing out the body.

Mix celery stalks with water, and drink the juice throughout the day.

Note: You shouldn’t drink this mixture if you have:

  • low blood pressure
  • any bleeding disorder
  • a scheduled surgery

You also shouldn’t drink this mixture if you’re taking:

  • lithium (Lithane)
  • levothyroxine (Synthroid)
  • sedative medications, such as alprazolam (Xanax)
  • medications that increase sun sensitivity, such as isotretinoin (Sotret)

f) Pomegranate juice

Pomegranate juice has been used for the improvement of Kidney Function over centuries. It will flush stones and other toxins from your system. pomegranate Juice is packed with antioxidants, keeps the kidney healthy at all times, and plays a vital role in preventing kidney stones from developing.

Drinking Pomegranate Juice also lowers your urine’s acidity level. Lower acidity levels reduce the risk for future kidney stones.

Note: There’s no limit to how much pomegranate juice you can drink in a day.

health professionals recommend you don’t drink pomegranate juice if you’re taking:

  • medications changed by the liver
  • rosuvastatin (Crestor)
  • blood pressure medications, such as chlorothiazide (Diuril)

2. Reduce the intake of oxalates foods

Oxalate also known as oxalic acid is a compound found in some foods, which when consumed exits the body through the urine. A high oxalate intake can bind calcium and other minerals, forming crystals that can lead to Kidney stone formation. According to science, Oxalic acid is can found in many plants. These include vegetables, cocoa, leafy greens, nuts and seeds, fruits, etc. Health professionals do not recommend a strict low intake of oxalates foods as it tends out foods high in oxalate are also very healthy.

3. Meet daily vitamin C requirements

Consuming a regular amount of vitamin C reduces the risk of Kidney Stones. A case study conducted in 2019 of over 9,000 people found that those who consumed Vitamin C supplements and vinegar had a significantly lower Kidney stone risk. However, more research has confirmed the benefits of apple cider vinegar, Lemons specifically, as natural remedies for kidney stones. (Trusted source 7)

Vitamin C is known to turn into oxalic acid in the body, and, if the number of oxalates in the urine increases, Kidney stones can form, but, even at 4,000 mg of vitamin C a day, which is like a couple gallons’ worth of orange juice, urinary oxalates may not get very high. Of course, there may be rare individuals who have an increased capacity for this conversion into oxalates.

The irony is that it’s not proven that vitamin-C supplements do indeed appear to increase the risk of kidney stones. We don’t yet know if women are similarly at risk, though there has now also been a case reported of a child running into problems. ( Trusted Source 8 )

4. Consume Enough Calcium

consuming enough calcium is one of the easiest home remedies for Kidney Stones. It’s a common misconception that you need to reduce your calcium intake to decrease your risk of forming Kidney Stones (calcium-containing stones).  Diets high in calcium have been associated with a decreased risk of forming kidney stones according to a study by NCBI. (Trusted Source 9)

The five-year trial research randomized the effect of two diets in 120 men using hypercalciuria and recurrent calcium oxalate stones. 60 men were assigned to a diet containing a normal amount of calcium (30 mmol per day) but the animal protein supplements were reduced to 52 g per day and salt (50 mmol of NaCl per day); the other Sixty men were assigned to the traditional low-calcium diet, which contained 10 mmol of calcium per day. (Trusted Source 10)

Healthline recommends the daily allowance (RDA) for calcium is 1,000 mg per day in most adults. However, the Recommended Dietary Allowance is 1,200 mg per day for women over the age of 50 and everyone over the age of 70. (Trusted Source 11)

5. Reduce the intake of animal protein

Intake of foods high in animal protein such as meat, fish, and dairy, is associated with a higher risk of kidney stones. As stated in the early paragraph, Calcium and Vitamin C (Citrate) are essential vitamins to curb kidney stones. As a result of this, a high intake of animal protein may increase calcium excretion and decrease levels of citrate, which will make you prone to the risk of having kidney stones.

Animal protein such as Kidney, liver, and other organ meats sources are rich in purines. These compounds are broken down into uric acid and may increase the risk of Kidney Stones.

6. Avoid sugary or caffeinated drinks

Foods that contain Alcohol, Carbonated foods, and caffeinated foods can all increase a person’s risk of developing kidney stones.

Research conducted exposed that drinking caffeine can increase the risk of stones. Also, Drinks and sodas that contain artificial sugars have a high risk of developing kidney stones. (Trusted Source 12)

caffeine intake is independently and linearly associated with a higher risk of recurrent kidney stones in adults, especially for women, individuals of non-white race, and non-overweight subjects. The high risk may arise from the caffeine in coffee. (Trusted Source 13).

7. Reduce Salt Intake

A high intake of Salt Diets (A diet high in salt) is associated with an increased risk of kidney stones. Salt contains sodium, a component that increases calcium excretion which is one of the main risk factors for kidney stones.

Research by a Health Authority proves a low-salt diet can reduce calcium excretion in hypercalciuric stone formers. In the research, a total of 210 patients were randomly assigned to receive a control diet. 13 patients (2 on the control diet, 11 on the low-sodium diet) withdrew from the trial. At the follow-up visit, patients on the low-sodium diet had lower urinary sodium. Concomitant with this change, they showed lower urinary calcium at 3 mo compared with 361 +/- 129 mg/d on the control diet. Urinary calcium was within the normal range in 61.9% of the patients on the low-salt diet, and in 34.0% of those on the control diet (difference: +27.9%; 95% CI: +14.4%, +41.3%; P < 0.001).” (Trusted Source 14).

Other dietary professionals recommend that people limit sodium intake to 2,300 mg per day. However, most people consume a lot more than that amount.

8. Dandelion root Juice

Dandelion roots often consumed as tea stimulates the production of bile which aids in Kidney Stones. It eliminates waste, improves digestion, and increases urine output. It contains vitamins (A, B, C, D) and minerals such as iron, zinc, and potassium.

One study proves dandelion roots are effective in preventing Kidney Stones from Forming. (Trusted Source 15)

You can make fresh dandelion juice or buy it as tea. If you make it fresh, you may also add apple, ginger, and orange peel to taste. Drink 3 to 4 cups throughout the day.

Note: While some will have no health-related issues when they eat dandelion or its parts, others might experience heartburn. Therefore, it’s advisable to talk to your doctor before taking dandelion root extract, as it can interact with many medications.

You shouldn’t drink this mixture if you’re taking:

  • Lithium
  • Antacids
  • blood thinners
  • antibiotics
  • Aldactone

9. Magnesium

Magnesium is also one of the recommended home remedies for kidney stones. Although it is an important mineral that many people don’t consume in sufficient amounts, It partakes in numerous metabolic reactions within your body, including muscle movements and energy production. (Trusted Source 16)

Other research also proves magnesium may reduce oxalate absorption in the gut. (Trusted Source 17)Exactly how this works is not fully realized, but it has been suggested that magnesium may help prevent calcium oxalate kidney stone formation. (Trusted Source 18)However, not all studies agree on the matter (Trusted Source 19)

The RDI (reference daily intake) for magnesium is 420 mg per day. If you want to increase your dietary magnesium intake, legumes, tofu avocados are all good dietary sources.

To reap maximum benefits, up to your intake of foods that are high in oxalic acid. You can also consume this mineral within 12 hours of eating oxalate-rich foods. Research shows that magnesium administration decreases oxalate absorption when magnesium is taken together with oxalate. However, magnesium administration does not decrease the oxalate absorption, when magnesium and oxalate intake differ by 12 h. (Trusted Source 20)

CONCLUSION

Although it may be difficult, it’s possible to pass a kidney stone on your own. Fortunately, there are several home remedies for Kidney stones that may help reduce this risk. These include various diet measures For example, you can try consuming foods rich in certain nutrients, increasing your fluid intake, avoiding sodium, and eating less animal protein.

Also, there are a few simple measures that may go a long way in preventing painful kidney stones. Be sure to continue treatment until the stone passes, and don’t drink alcohol.

You might add these remedies to your usual regimen and continue use after the stone passes. This may help prevent more stones from forming. Research has it, If you’ve had a kidney stone, you’re very likely to develop another one within 6 to 15 years.

Once you pass a kidney stone, you may want to submit it to take to your doctor for testing. You can save a stone by straining your urine. You can do this using a urine container, which you can get from any medical facility. Your doctor can determine what kind of stone it is and help develop a targeted prevention plan. Be sure to talk to your doctor before taking medications or herbs.

 

Trusted Sources:

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